A cruel and fanatical patriarch, a founder of a great religious sect, the plotting of cunning bishops – in the Dark Ages religion was power.
The end of the Western Empire and the death of St. Augustine in 430 preceded destruction and disaster as well as set the scene for the development of Europe. Central to church issues at this time was the complicated problem of the Incarnation. St. Cyril was patriarch of Alexandra from 412 till his death in 444 while Nestorius was patriarch of Constantinople. The two could not agree on whether Christ was one or two persons, ie. one human and one divine. Nestorius was convinced that Christ contained both divinity and humanity – and that he had, therefore, two natures. Cyril took the opposite view, that Christ was one and one only.
By Janet Cameron